After yesterday’s sold out premiere screening, Situations are thrilled to share with you Refrain: The Future of Remembrance. The full documentary film now available to watch online.

Using only the enchanting male voice and the resonance of three extraordinary sites, Refrain by Verity Standen drew upon the often untold stories of conscientious objectors in the First World War.

This film follows the journey of Refrain from Richmond Castle in North Yorkshire, to St. Helens, Merseyside and Newhaven Fort in East Sussex. In Spring 2017, these three places of historical significance came alive with song. Refrain: The Future of Remembrance charts the ways that Verity Standen and three different local male groups of untrained singers brought this challenging work to life. The film offers a glimpse into the unique process of creating and devising Refrain, as well as an insight into the powerful background to the charged sites of performance across the country.

Given the context of the ongoing centenary and commemorations of the First World War, we may ask ourselves what could the future of remembrance look like? Situations hope that the Refrain film acts as a conversation starter, a creative interpretation, a celebration of the alternative memorial, imaginatively exploring the value that new forms of commemoration could have on our everyday lives.

Have your say: We would love to hear your thoughts – email gb[@]situations.org.uk with any comments.


Refrain is produced by Situations with Verity Standen Projects, in partnership with English Heritage, Attenborough Centre for the Creative Arts and Heart of Glass, St Helens.

It is generously supported by Arts Council England, Jerwood Charitable Foundation, Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, The Space and Heritage Lottery Fund.

Verity and Situations would like to thank all the performers, volunteers and partners in each location who made this project possible.

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